Describe Rajasthan Eastern Plain and South-East Rajasthan Plateau

District – Tonk, Bundi, Amjer, Jaisalmer, Sawaimadohpur, Bhilwara, Chittorgarh, Kota, Bhatratpur
Percentage – 23.3% of total area of Rajasthan
Location – South West of Rajasthan
Eastern plain subdivided into three parts

  1. Chambal Basin
  2. Banas Plain
  3. Middle Mahi Plain

Chambal Basin:-
District – Kota, Bundi, Baran, Tonk, Sawaimadhopur, Dholpur
Area – 4500 Sq. Km
Average width – 10 Km
Enter – From M.P.
Tributanies – Kali Sindh, Parbati

Banas Plain:-
District – Udaipur, Chittorgarh, Bhilwara, Tonk, Jaipur, Alwar, Sawaimadhopur
Average height – 280 – 500 m
Area – 187400 Km³ is an elevated plain drained by Banas & its tributaries.
It is essentially a peneplain
Banas plain further sub-divided into-

  1. Mewar Plain
  2. Malpura-Karauli Plain:

Mewar Plain:
It is a dissected plain.
Mewar plain gradually slopes towards the east & north east.
Average height- 280-500 m
The bonus & its tributaries Berach, Menal, Bandi, Mansi, Kothari, Khori flow through this plain

Malpura-Karauli Plain:
It is flat upland which recognized a “Tertiary Peneplane”.
It is composed of schist & guess.
Elevation- 250-350 m
Alluvial deposits are thick in larger parts of Kishangarh and Malpura.

Middle Mahi Plain:-
Area – 7056 Sq. Km
It is lying east of the Mewar hills & south of the Banas plain.
District – Dungarpur
The central & eastern parts, known as Chhappan
Average Elevation – 200-400 m
This dissected plain along with hill tracts of Banswara are Dungarpur are locally known as Bagar.

South – East Rajasthan Plateau (Hadoti Plateau)

This region locally called Pathar and Uparmal
It comprises of the eastern & South-eastern part of the state & is known as Hadoti.
Districts – Bhilwara, Bundi, Kota, Baran & Jhalawar districts
It contains about 9.6% of the area of whole Rajasthan
East of the plateau has a general slope toward
Gwalior & catchment of river Betwa
This plateau is further sub-divided into two units.

  1. Vindhyan Scarplands:
  2. Deccan Lava Plateau:

Vindhyan Scarplands
Height- 350-550 m
It presents an undulating topography strewn with boulders, blocks & depressions.
Districts – Sawai madhopur, Bundi, Kota
Vindhyan Scarps are formed by sandstone mark the topography in Chambal & Sindh Basins

Deccan Lava Plateau:
The western parts of the vindhyan plateau lie in the form of three concentric escarpments.
These three concentric escarpments are formed by the exposed rocks of three main sandstones.
The physiography of south east of Rajasthan. Is also known as uparmal
Districts – Bundi, Kota
Soil – Black

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